Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO)

About Defence Research & Development Organisation
Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) works under Department of Defence Research and Development of Ministry of Defence. DRDO dedicatedly working towards enhancing self-reliance in Defence Systems and undertakes design & development leading to production of world class weapon systems and equipment in accordance with the expressed needs and the qualitative requirements laid down by the three services.DRDO is working in various areas of military technology which include aeronautics, armaments, combat vehicles, electronics, instrumentation engineering systems, missiles, materials, naval systems, advanced computing, simulation and life sciences. DRDO while striving to meet the Cutting edge weapons technology requirements provides ample spinoff benefits to the society at large thereby contributing to the nation building.

Make India prosperous by establishing world-class science and technology base and provide our Defence Services decisive edge by equipping them with internationally competitive systems and solutions.

Design, develop and lead to production state-of-the-art sensors, weapon systems, platforms and allied equipment for our Defence Services.Provide technological solutions to the Defence Services to optimise combat effectiveness and to promote well-being of the troops.Develop infrastructure and committed quality manpower and build strong technology base.

Core Competence
Dep’t of Defence Research and Development (R&D) is working for indigenous development of weapons, sensors & platforms required by the three wings of the Armed Forces. To fulfil this mandate, Dep’t of Defence Research and Development (R&D), is closely working with academic institutions, Research and Development (R&D) Centres and production agencies of Science and Technology (S&T) Ministries/Depts. in Public & Civil Sector including Defence Public Sector Undertakings & Ordnance Factories.

Defence Research & Development services (DRDS)
Recruitment and selection of right people with desired competencies form the base of building an effective organisation. Defence Research & Development Organisation recruit/select scientists and engineers through an annual competitive examination at national level called Scientist Entry Test (SET) through open advertisement. In addition to this, talent search through campus interviews, scholarship scheme through Aeronautics Research & Development Board (ARDB) and fresh Ph.D. scholars under Registration of Students with Scholastic Aptitude (ROSSA) is also launched.

Defence Research Technical Cadre (DRTC)
The members of this cadre form strong skilled manpower base to assist scientists and engineers engaged in research and development work.

Admin and Allied Cadre
The members of Admin & Allied cadre provide administrative/establishment support. Personnel for officer post are recruited through UPSC and non-gazetted personnel are recruited by the laboratories/establishments as per the notified Recruitment Rules.

Training and Development
DRDO has a dynamic training and development policy which is executed through the Continuing Educational Programmes (CEP) for all cadre personnel via DRDS, DRTC, and Admin& Allied. At the entry level in DRDS, the newly recruited scientists undergo a 16 weeks Induction Course at Institute of Armament Technology (IAT), Pune. Under the Research and Training (R&T) scheme the scientists are sponsored for ME/M Tech programmes at IITs/IISc and reputed universities. The fees are also reimbursed by the DRDO where scientists undergo Ph.D. programme. In addition to this, the Organisation through its two premier Institutes namely Institute of Technology Management (ITM) and Institute of Armament Technology (IAT) deemed university offer courses for scientists and Armed Forces in the area of Technology Management, R&D Management and Armament. Recently, a training centre at Jodhpur has been established to meet the training needs for Admin & Allied cadre. In order to attract the futuristic talent, DRDO has Junior Research Fellow (JRF), Senior Research Fellow (SRF) and Research Associate (RA) schemes for young & dynamic personnel & interested in Defence Research and Development.

Flexible Complementing Scheme
In DRDO, under DRDS Rules 1979, as amended from time to time, Flexible Complementing Scheme (FCS) for promotion up to the grade of Scientist 'G' from one grade to the next higher grade is in force. The post held by scientist shall stand upgraded automatically to the next higher grade on Merit-based promotion under the FCS. DRDO operates a fully Flexible Complementing Scheme (FCS) wherein, the post is upgraded automatically upto the grade of Sc 'H'. FCS operates on the basis of evaluation of Confidential Performance Appraisal Report (C-PAR) and interviews of Scientists in the grades of Scientist 'B' to Scientist 'E' by Assessment Boards and assessment of Scientist 'F' to Scientist 'G' by Peer Review.

DRDO Awards
The DRDO Awards Scheme, in its present form, was introduced in the year 1999 to motivate DRDO scientists, engineers and our partners in industries and academic institutions in contributing for the cause of our national security and self-reliance. The present Award Scheme, instituted by the Government of India, are therefore, meant to encourage DRDO scientists and our partners in the Private Sector Undertakings (PSUs), the private firms as well as the academic institutions in performing even better towards accelerating the pace of development of critical technologies, transfer of technologies from laboratories to industries as well as product ionisation of the state-of-the-art defence systems.

The Scheme consists of a total of 17 awards, out of which, 4 awards are given by the Directors of the concerned laboratories/establishments in recognition of outstanding contributions of their scientists and other supporting staff consisting of technical, administrative and allied cadres.

The remaining 13 awards are decided at the DRDO HQrs for which nominations are called every year from all laboratories/establishments. The nominations are initially short listed by the Screening Committee under the chairmanship of the Chairman, Recruitment and Assessment Centre (RAC). The short listed nominations are, thereafter, examined by the Apex Committee for finalisation of the awards which also consists of two outside experts. These awards are normally given away by the Prime Minister of India on the "Technology Day" which falls on 11th. The awardees are given cash as well as a certificate highlighting the achievement for which award is being given. The total outlay per annum for these awards is Rupees one crore.

Research Boards
Life Sciences Research Board (LSRB)
The Life Sciences & Research Board (LSRB) supports research proposals in life sciences on broad topics such as biological and biomedical sciences, psychology and physiology, bio-engineering, specialized high altitude agriculture, food science & technology, etc. The Board has instituted a Grants-in-Aid Scheme to nurture the research talent, in IITs, universities, medical and life science institutions, colleges and other research centres including industries, in the country for promoting research and development programmes in life sciences & allied fields. Under this Scheme, grants are offered to approved research institutions, universities or colleges, departments or laboratories both in the Government and non-Government sectors. The scheme is coordinated through a number of specialist panels duly constituted by the Chairman, LSRB to cover different disciplines.

Objectives of the LSRB are as under:-

  • Expanding and deepening the knowledge-base of life sciences in the country through strengthening and use of national resources including know-how and expertise.
  • Catalysing cross-fertilization of ideas and expertise between research scientists for providing support to the soldiers in operations.
  • Enhancing core competence in the field of knowledge germane to development, manufacture and use biomedical and biotechnological products.
  • Create conditions suitable for attracting talent and expertise from overseas locations through collaborations and other academic exchanges.

Naval Research Board (NRB)
The NRB was set up in August 1996 to encourage basic research in the field of marine technologies and to strengthen & deepen the knowledge-based related to the naval environment. The Board has instituted a Grants-in-Aid Scheme to nurture research talent and to create research facilities in IITs, universities, higher technological institutions, engineering colleges and other research centres including industries in the country for promoting basic research, design & development.

Objectives of the NRB are as under:-

  • To encourage and provide funds for basic research in pertinent scientific disciplines of broad relevance to our future Navy by enabling and supporting emerging talent, most particularly in academic institutions.
  • To create and evolve a knowledge-based potentially applicable to the Navy.
  • The Board supports basic research that will generate new knowledge potentially useful to the Navy and to train young minds to generate and apply that knowledge for Naval purposes. The Board approves research programs for funding based on evaluation and recommendations of specialist panels in various disciplines i.e. composite materials stealth materials, hydrodynamics (including propulsion), sonar & signal behaviour, ocean environment, and scientific computing.

Aeronautical Research & Development Board (ARDB)
The Aeronautical Research & Development Board (ARDB) was set up by the Government of India to coordinate, provide funds and sensitize futuristic, scientific technological areas having potential applications for aeronautical systems, at academic institutions and national scientific laboratories. For this purpose, Grants-in-Aid of Rs. 5 crore per year has been earmarked. Besides the projects activities, the Board promotes Centre of Excellence in selected areas like computational fluid dynamics, systems design & engineering and composite structures technology; some more centres are under consideration. Intellectual Property developed through ARDB funding is shared with the grantee institution. The Board also promotes seminars, presentation of papers in India & abroad, writing of books, and promoting air mindedness in school children.